The hottest IBM company and bar code technology

2022-08-09
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IBM and bar code technology

now, whether in supermarkets or grocery stores, when we send our purchased goods to the cashier, the cashier will scan the bar code on each commodity with the scanner on the cashier, and the cashier can print out your bill immediately. It eliminates the tedious work of the cashier. It has a clear calculation of fine lines and grinding marks and the annoyance of customers waiting. Everyone who has been to the mall has experienced the convenience this small bar code brings to us. It can be said that bar code technology has changed the original business mode of brain products and played a great role in promoting the development of commodity circulation industry. However, people rarely know the origin of bar code and IBM's contribution to bar code technology

The invention of

bar code should be attributed to Mr. wuland, a senior technical expert of IBM, and the research team he led. As early as 1952, wolland obtained a design patent for a commodity identification code similar to the "bull's eye". This commodity identification code is composed of a group of concentric rings, which identify different commodities through the change of the width of each ring and the distance between the rings. However, due to the limitation of computer technology at that time, wolland's design could not be realized. After entering the 1970s, the commodity circulation industry has developed rapidly, and the types of commodities are increasing day by day. Both manufacturers and dealers want to find a simple and effective commodity management method. However, the best way to solve this problem is to establish a unified commodity identification code. On the other hand, the computer company led by IBM at that time was becoming more and more mature in computer and laser scanning technology. Therefore, the time has come to use a unified commodity identification code to implement computer management of commodities. In order to choose a fast, simple, accurate commodity identification code that can be read by laser scanner, the United States established the "Standard Code Committee" (UUC) in 1971 to take charge of this work. Wuland joined the organization on behalf of IBM

at that time, IBM was in the leading position in the research of laser scanning technology and commodity identification code. During the research, wolland found that there were many difficulties in the implementation of the "bull's eye" code he originally designed, and then designed the bar code that is now widely used, and took the lead in implementing and promoting the bar code scanning technology in a retail store in cinnati. Through experiments, it is found that the bar code has many advantages over the "bull eye" code originally designed by woland. Therefore, IBM recommended the bar code to the "Standard Code Committee" as a unified commodity identification code. Mr. wolland told 4: if the machine is not used for a long time after the experiment, the Committee explained the advantages and feasibility of bar code, and pointed out the difficulties in the implementation of "bull's eye" code. Mr. wolland's report was endorsed by the Committee. Therefore, the committee made a decision in 1972 to take the bar code recommended by IBM as a unified commodity identification code, so that there is a unified identification standard for all kinds of commodities. The use of bar code has laid a good foundation for the realization of computer management in commodity circulation industry

In 1973, IBM announced its new product: cash register with bar code scanning function, and began to use it in some retail stores and shopping malls the following year. By 1976, bar codes and scanners were popularized in major supermarkets. IBM's research achievements in bar code technology have greatly promoted the popularization and use of bar code technology in the field of commodity circulation, and rapidly extended to postal services, book distribution and other circulation fields. Today, bar code is not only the standard of American commodity identification code, but also the standard of commodity identification code worldwide. We can find all kinds of bar codes on almost every product

As one of the important modern information technologies, bar code has also become an important information industry in the United States, forming an industrial scale with an annual output value of $1.4 billion. The bar code had such a huge impact on the commodity circulation industry, manufacturing industry and information industry that Bush, the then president of the United States, was shocked by it. Mr. woland also won the National Medal of technology for his invention of bar code

The application of bar code technology is the first step for modern commodity circulation industry to realize modern management. After entering the 1970s, the commodity circulation industry has developed rapidly and the types of commodities have expanded rapidly. As far as the current situation in China is concerned, there are more than 20 million enterprises producing millions of products. The increase of commodity types brings great difficulties to the management of commodities in the field of circulation. (5) it is in this case that bar code technology came into being and has been recognized and applied by the industry. Whether manufacturers or retailers, the modern management of goods starts from the application of bar code. For manufacturers, the application of bar code can strengthen the finished product management within the enterprise, improve the work efficiency of managers, and improve the speed and accuracy of information transmission, especially for the management of finished product warehouse and sales, which can achieve obvious results. From the perspective of development, information technology has been widely used in the commodity circulation industry. The relationship between manufacturers and retailers has become increasingly close, commodity information exchange has become increasingly frequent, and electronic ordering systems have been widely used in western countries, all of which are based on bar code applications. In modern market management, goods without bar codes are like goods without trademarks, which will not be accepted by the market. Therefore, it is very appropriate for someone to compare bar code to the pass for commodities to enter the market. For retailers, bar code not only improves the modern level of commodity management, but also brings a large amount of market information. Because the barcode can be read into the computer through the scanner, it is possible for managers to master the purchase information of consumers. Therefore, bar code has become a language of commodity management. Without bar code, there will be no information communication between manufacturers and retailers, retailers and consumers

it is precisely because bar code plays a great role in the field of commodity circulation that IBM, as the pioneer of bar code technology, has been constantly researching and updating bar code technology and introducing new achievements and products in the past 20 years, and has always been in the leading position in this field. 1bm company has a laboratory specializing in bar code research and a group of experienced senior technical experts. Especially for the application of bar code in the field of commodity circulation, it provides a full range of products and solutions. Bar coding of goods is a prerequisite for the application of POS system in the commodity circulation industry. The point of sales (POS) terminal developed by IBM is the most front-end equipment for bar code application. The installed capacity in the world has exceeded 1million, accounting for about the total installed capacity in the world. At this time, the temperature of refrigerant drops by 50%. As early as the early 1970s, IBM announced the launch of the first POS system, which enabled bar code technology to be effectively applied in modern commodity management. Since then, IBM has launched the second and third generation POS systems based on the actual needs of the commodity circulation industry. Pos4694, the latest product of IBM, can recognize 24 different bar codes, making the application of bar code technology more extensive and effective. IBM's support for information technology in the commodity circulation industry has achieved success worldwide, making IBM the largest information technology manufacturer in the commodity circulation industry

ibm's advanced products and high-quality services have won the trust of many users and become a reliable and long-term partner in the commodity circulation industry. Today, based on the enterprise spirit of "user first, keep improving", IBM provides users with all-round solutions. What is presented to users is no longer a single POS terminal and bar code scanner, but a complete computer application system that meets the needs of users. IBM's advanced technology will be more widely used in the modernization of commodity circulation industry. (end)

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